“When I learned Chinese there was no Internet”
“When I began a graduate course in Chinese there were only paper dictionaries”
“I learned to write Chinese characters practicing with pen and paper”
How old would a Chinese teacher need to be to speak like this to their students? 80?
No, 38 is enough to say such phrases in a classroom that seem to be from several generations ago!
At 38 years old I’m certainly not a new graduate, but I also don’t consider myself from another epoch … until the day I started teaching Chinese to people learning in this age.
It’s no secret to anyone that the birth and spread of the Internet have changed the world. The fact is that it happened rather quickly. Rapidly we went from using a mailbox to send messages to opening a website to read the news and later, take courses online.
Then applications were born, designed for minimal effort. We no longer even have to open a web page in a browser, because we can download the app on our cell, tablet or desktop version on our computer. With today’s applications you can do everything, even learn Chinese. With ever less effort. And the results?
How does one start learning Chinese?
Before analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of learning through an app, it’s important to know how beginners learn Chinese. Many of you already know this, but it can be useful to do some reflections.
I give Chinese lessons to students that are mainly absolute beginners, which is an arduous task: I have the great responsibility and great honor to open the doors to China through its language to lots of people.
When I walk into the classroom for the first lesson and I have to face dozens of eyes that curiously observe me, hungry for information on this mysterious language, one of the first things that I have to say is the hard reality: Chinese is not an alphabetical language.
I then have to move on to the fact that there is no relationship between reading and writing (in reality the majority of Chinese characters have a phonetic component, but this tidbit is for more advanced students), and they’ll need to learn a system of pronunciation and grammar that’s completely different than ours. And let’s not forget writing! How does one learn to write Chinese characters? And then the tones… Yes, because Chinese is a tonal language.
After this series of information, that takes some completely by surprise, you need to start by slowly taking on each one of these aspects of the language and dedicating time and patience to each one. The task, during he first few months of study, is inevitably slow, which discourages some, especially those who think they can learn Chinese quickly and easily.
However, Chinese is not at all impossible: you need to have lots of patience in the beginning, but once you get the hang of certain aspects and study habits, you’ll be surprised at the quantity of correspondence and association that you’ll find among those that are learning and those that have already learned. In this sense, I feel the need to say that after a certain level, Chinese becomes an increasingly easy language to master.
Ask yourself what you’re looking for in an application
From my experience as a teacher I can say that the greatest problem today is that many people, convinced that it will be quick and easy, don’t take on their studies armed with sufficient patience.
This problem is intensified by the availability resources and technology that students have access to these days. A question that ALWAYS comes up in the first Chinese lesson (a little early, right?) is:
“Prof., can you recommend a good app?”
To this question I always respond with another question:
“For what, exactly?”
After just a few lessons of Chinese, if not the first, a person almost never has a response. And it makes sense: if you still don’t have a clear objective or path, how can you choose the best way?
I want to share here a few reflections on the use of technology in an extremely delicate phase of learning, namely the beginning. I will sum up bringing out two big advantages and disadvantages that technology brings with it.
Two big advantages of applications
I want to start by saying that I’m a big fan of the digital world, I use it a lot and recognize that the advantages of certain resources are infinite.
The two main ones, in my opinion are:
- The speed of finding information: more than speed I would call it immediacy. With an electronic dictionary like Pleco you can find the meaning of a word you’ve never seen in a few seconds.
The fun – it’s pointless to deny it: running your finger across a screen and seeing things move is much more amusing than opening a print dictionary and a pen to write characters. It’s much more fun to open Skritter o Chinese Writer and write characters for hours without even noticing.
Some of the best apps for writing characters, above all, have really nice interfaces that make learning writing almost as fun as a video game.
But keep in mind…
Too much technology is a disadvantage for study
Let’s pass on to two disadvantages that the excessive or unwise use of technology brings students to a beginner level:
- Immediate access to all you need is extremely distracting if you don’t know exactly what you’re looking for and you concentrate on that: I have countless examples of students who are excessively distracted by searching things that attract their curiosity at times that it would be better to dedicate themselves to building a solid foundation for their study. Spending too much time with the panda from ChineseSkill and not deeply studying the beginning grammatical rules could be dangerous.
Technology makes you lazy: well yes, the other side of the advantage of having immediate information is that it doesn’t teach you to look into your memory. Or you can even make it so that you don’t have to memorize certain things at all. And this is a big mistake, because your memory will always be your most precious resource.
Technology gives us the immediate solution and if you fall into the trap of convenience you risk getting used to not thinking, to not reasoning, to not trying to remember. That is, practically, to not do everything you need to do to learn a language!
Learn to filter and use resources in a critical way
As you can see, for every side of the coin there is always another one, and the secret is to use them well. The advice is therefore not to avoid using technology or applications to learn. It would be stupid and anachronistic. The advice is to filter, to use what you need when you need it and when you can truly make the most of what it gives you, not before and not too much.
Without ever forgetting that Chinese is learned step by step and with patience!
Elisa Ferrero was born in 1978, graduated in Foreign Languages and Literature at the University of Turin; and entered for the first time as a student at the University of Languages of Beijing in 1999 and left for the last time in 2014 as a Chinese teacher.
With a degree in Chinese and Spanish, after a decade in China she finished her “world tour” teaching Chinese in Argentina: her students want advice on how to learn the language, how she managed to live so long in China, if she had the same difficulties that they have today and much more.
[Photo Credits (Creative Commons License): www.flickr.com/photos/gabyu/]