Before you begin
This article is a general overview of the different options that you have for studying Mandarin Chinese in China. I’ll discuss the pros and cons of every option and suggest the one that best suits you according to your level, expectations, occupation and budget.
P.S.: If you’re interested on studying in a specific city, click here to find the list of cities that we have already published a specific guide.
Study Chinese in China – Index
Study Chinese in a private school
Private schools represent the most flexible and economic way to study Chinese in China.
- If you wish, you can show up at the school and start the lessons the same day. Also, if you are at least two people they will start a course for you in one or two days (the time to find a teacher). You can get one to one classes, small groups and sometimes big groups classes (more than 8-10 people).
- Another advantage of private academies is that you have the option to pay only when you attend the lesson. Thus, if one day you are sick or tired you don’t need to pay.
But there are also some drawbacks:
- Business philosophy: Private schools work the same way than other business in China. There’s much more offer than demand and the faster way to get more customers (AKA students) is to lowering the price, of course at expense of the quality. If they succeed to beat the competitors they will start to increase their profit margins by reducing the cost and increasing the price. So we suggest you to avoid the cheapest schools and settle for quality instead.
- Flexibility leads to no commitment: Because of the flexibility there is a huge turn over of students that join and leave the courses at any time. It may happen that, if most of your classmates decide to leave because they haven’t time anymore or whatever other reason, the course will be cancelled. It’s often no profitable for the school to have only few student and wait for others to join.
- Some schools can’t provide you with student Visa: If you come to China and you want to get a student Visa by joining a course in a private school, make sure that the school you chose can provide you the Visa. Also, make sure to ask how many hours per week you’ll need to attend in order to get the Visa.
I suggest these schools to people that already have some basis and are looking for a commitment to keep on studying Chinese and taking their language skills to the next level.
The flexibility and the fact that there is no strict rules and method make the lessons easier to follow and funnier than the lessons you can get at the university.
List of private schools in China
Note: Although we only accept schools that have a good reputation, this list of private schools is a sponsored listing:
That’s Mandarin, founded in 2005, is one of the oldest Chinese language and technology schools in China. The school now has campuses in Beijing, Shanghai, and Shenzhen. With a unique approach to language learning and in-house teaching methodologies, the school aims to be not only the most experienced, but also one of the best Mandarin schools in China.
They focus on providing the smoothest service and the best teaching experience to all students; no matter whether they are studying Chinese online with their innovative online language learning system, or at one of their Chinese language schools in China.
Beside this, they offer: Intensive Group Program, Part-time Group Program, Private Lessons, Chinese Visa Program and HSK Preparation Courses.
Keats Chinese School
Founded in 2004, Keats Chinese School is one of the top Mandarin Chinese language schools in Kunming and offers both one-on-one immersion Mandarin courses and small group Chinese classes. Located in Kunming, Keats welcomes around 40% of returning students each year due to its teaching quality. Keats develops personalized exercises and materials exclusively for one-on-one students to meet their learning goals and requirements. Students can come to study anytime, according to their own schedule. The small group classes cost only USD 650 for 16 weeks with the student visa provided.
Keats School also offers online Chinese lessons, HSK Test Preparation, Chinese Language Course + Volunteer in China, Chinese Language Course + Tour in China, Children Chinese Program, and customized Mandarin course for organizations and companies.
Go Abroad China
Founded in 2003, Go Abroad Chinahas accepted more than 4000 students from over 80 countries into their Learn Chinese in China program at China’s vibrant cities – Beijing and Shanghai.
Their language courses are based in total immersion and highly tailored for all-level learners who wish study in China for weeks, months or a whole year, featuring one-on-one private tutoring, intensive small-group class, HSK preparation, gap-year study and high school language program as well as university language program by partnering with China’s top universities in Beijing, Shanghai, Wuhan, Nanjing….
They aims to help all learners to learn mandarin Chinese with efficiency and fun by immersing in China’s language and culture with qualified and experienced tutors, formal in-class instruction, after-class tutoring, communication with native speakers, diversified culture electives and outdoor excursions.
Also, they offer adds-on service upon students’ request: volunteering and internship.
Omeida Chinese Academy
Omeida Chinese Academy offers high-quality Chinese language courses in one of the most breathtaking towns in China: Yangshuo. Whether you’re looking for intensive immersion, standard load, or part-time language lessons, Omeida is guaranteed to meet your needs. Course prices are available for calculation on their website.
The Chinese Language Institute
The Chinese Language Institute (CLI) is a prestigious culture and language center located in the city of Guilin and the only language school affiliated with a university in the Guangxi province, Guangxi Normal University. CLI is ideal for language students, university students seeking credits or groups looking for a personalized experience in China. Their immersion program is undoubtedly one of the most efficient ways to master Mandarin through one-on-one training, constant interaction with the language and cultural immersion. In addition, CLI also offers the College Study Abroad program for university students seeking a relevant international experience, enjoying a variety of excursions and attending English-taught courses on Chinese economy, politics and the humanities. With strong connections at private and public institutions throughout the country, the Chinese Language Institute opens China up to its students in countless ways.
LTL Mandarin School
LTL Mandarin School is a Chinese school for foreigners, with schools in Beijing, Shanghai, Chengde, Taipei, Beihai and now Xi’an. LTL was created to ensure students a completely immersive experience into the Chinese language and culture. With a wide range of study programs, the school offers each student the opportunity to achieve their goals through lessons in small groups, individual, business Chinese lessons, internships, school trips, high school programs, preparation courses for HSK and more. LTL is also one of the centers authorized by HSK and monthly offers the possibility to take the exams from the 1st to the 6th level.
Hutong School is a Chinese language school that was founded in 2005 by a group of foreign China enthusiasts. Today the school has branches in Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou and Chengdu and a further 7 worldwide. Through offering a wide range of programs and a unique in-house teaching methodology, Hutong School aims to help students of all ages improve their Mandarin skills and understanding of China. Courses can be customized to suit individual needs and include Intensive Chinese, HSK Preparation, Business Chinese, Youth Summer Camps, and Internships.
XMandarin is located in Qingdao, which is the kind of city where you want to study, work, live and spend relaxing time. At this school, you will learn Chinese from highly qualified native teachers who are also very open-minded and friendly.
XMandarin students come from all over the world and you will be able to meet them around free coffee during break or at their numerous events.
Compared to universities, the classes are more adapted to your expectations and your schedule, making the courses more efficient and enjoyable. Also, the school has an excellent location in the heart of Qingdao, where you can find shopping malls, gyms, bakeries, excellent Western, Korean and Japanese food, bars and clubs, the ocean and movie theaters.
Study Chinese at the University
Generally speaking, the universities are the place where you can get the courses with the best quality. The reason is simple: most universities have a more experience on teaching Chinese than any private school. Also, the most experienced teachers prefer to work there. These are also the people that wrote most of Chinese textbooks (if not all).
The other big advantage of signing up for a university is that you won’t have any trouble on getting your student visa and a cheap accommodation at the foreign student’s dormitory (normally a private room with bathroom).
But studying Chinese at the university have some problems:
- No flexibility: You can’t start a course at the University whenever you want and the scheduling of the lessons is fixed (and you can’t negotiate it).
- Full-time commitment: Universities only offer full-time courses, with a minimum of compulsory lessons four hours per day, Monday to Friday. So forget to study at the university if you have a full-time job.
- Price: The best universities are more expensive than private schools.
- “Traditional” teaching methods: Universities’ teaching methods work on the longterms but are extremely boring and during the first months you’ll perceive little to no progresses as they’ll focus on characters and phonetics. Also, it doesn’t matter if you are English, Japanese or Iranian: they’ll teach you the same way.
- Best and worst teachers: As I told at the beginning universities have the most experienced teachers but also a bunch of awful teachers that were able to get a position because of they personal connections. Also, you may end up with a master student teaching to you (they need the experience and they pay for it). This actually has a pro and con: the lesson may be quite interesting because master Chinese students are extremely motivated. However they have no teaching experience whatsoever.
Having say that, who should study Chinese at the university? I think this method is ideal for beginners.
When you start studying Chinese it’s important to establish a strong basis so that you can improve much faster later on. Universities are the only ones that provide you with a strong basis.
Do an internship in China
If you pay for an internship you’ll get or the help you need to get a Visa, organize your trip, find an accommodation and build a social life. However there several problems you should be aware of:
- Price: Internships represent the most expensive way to come to China to study Chinese (unless you get a scholarship).
- Your classmates: You’ll probably end up in a class packed with the fellows of the program that will come from your country or at least have a reasonable English level. In my experience you guys will end up speaking English – or whatever common language you have – most of time. People are lazy and why in the hell should you discuss in broken Mandarin when you can both speak a fairly good English? Conversely, when you attend a Chinese university most of the students are Japanese, Korean or Russian people that speak little to no English. This would force you to communicate in Chinese as it’s the only common language in the classroom.
- Tailor made courses: Internships and equivalents will often sell you a tailor-made course designed especially for your program (for example “Chinese for business people”). My experience is that tailor made courses mean “not-at-all-tested-home-made-methods” and normally end up with a failure.
- You can’t choose where to study Chinese: So make sure your program will send you to a good school or university.
This option is ideal for the people who prefer to pay a bit more money to avoid complications or people that are moving abroad for the very first time.
Get a private Chinese tutor
Private tutors are cheap and easy to find. You’ll find plenty of advertisements in the classified section of expats’ websites such as The Beijinger or Enjoy Shanghai.
Private tutors are a bit more expensive than private schools (after all it’s a one-to-one lesson) and their teaching experience is equivalent or even higher than the teachers in those schools. They are supposed to act as a complement for your regular classes so normally they aren’t willing to prepare so many contents for your lessons. Apart from that I don’t see any problems on hiring a tutors.
Tutors are quite useful for beginners as a complement to the regular classes or for those beginners that are working full-time and don’t have the time to attend a regular course at the university.
I would actually say that tutors are always good at any stage as they can help you to reinforce your weakest points.
The other option is the language exchange. In my opinion this option is overrated as in China there are plenty of native people to speak with; just go outside and get some Chinese friends! Maybe this option it may be useful to people that work in a completely foreign environment and are too shy to go outside and meet new people. But in this case you probably have enough money to pay for a professional teacher so don’t lose your time teaching English in exchange of free Chinese lessons!
Guides to study Chinese in the main Chinese cities
Frequently asked questions
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