The 7 Classes of Chinese Tea – Index
“Rather go without salt for three days than without tea for a single day,” Chinese Proverb.
I’m in love with Chinese tea. I drink it every day and every time I come back to Europe I bring some nice tea packages to my family and friends. Most important, I buy a ton of tea for myself.
My favorite Chinese tea is the Long Jing, the green tea produced close to the West Lake of Hangzhou. I also like flower tea and Pu’er, the fermented tea from Yunnan Province.
If you do a quick search on the internet you’ll find a lot of information about Chinese tea.
I decided to limit this first article about Chinese tea to two topics that I find interesting: the different classes of Chinese tea and the most famous tea brands of China (for each class of tea there are many different brands, for instance you have the Long Jing green tea from Hangzhou, the Bi Luo Chun green tea from Tai Hu and so on).
The different classes of Chinese tea
Chinese Green Tea
The green tea is the most natural, within the Chinese teas. It’s dried as soon as it’s picked from the field and then fried. This process blocks the activity of the leaf enzymes that otherwise would alter the composition and the properties of the tea leaves.
Even if it’s much healthier than coffee and black tea, many people find it difficult to switch from these products, way more common in the West, to green tea, which has a very different taste.
In my opinion it’s just a matter of habits and, once you make the switch, you will probably enjoy green tea much more than black coffee.
Chinese Oolong Tea
Oolong tea is semi-fermented (or semi-oxidized) and, in this sense, stands between green and black tea. The leaves of oolong tea are usually green on the middle and become red at the edge. The change on the leaves’ color is caused by the fact that this tea is fried, rolled and roasted.
Even if its taste is pretty mild, you shouldn’t drink too much oolong tea because it’s stronger than it seems!
Chinese Black Tea
Black tea, which is called “Red tea” in China, is dried, oxidized and then roasted. It’s more oxidized than white, green and oolong teas. It has a stronger flavor and, generally speaking, contains more caffeine than any other class of tea.
While green tea loses its flavor within a year, the flavor of the black tea can last several years. This is the main reason for which it has been traded to Europe since centuries.
Chinese White Tea
White Chinese tea undergoes a similar process than green tea. Since it retains its anti-oxidation properties it’s considered one of the healthiest varieties of tea.
The white color comes from the hairs on the unopened buds of the tea plant.
Even if the tradition of white tea production is very old, this variety is quite rare and in the past only the emperor and is crew could enjoy it.
Chinese Yellow Tea
The process to obtain the yellow tea is similar to the one used for the green and the white tea. The difference lies on the fact that the tea leaves are let drying for a longer time so that they become yellow. It’s a slightly oxidized tea. According to some experts yellow tea may be more beneficial than green tea.
Chinese Flower Tea
This variety of tea may be subdivided into flower and scented tea. Flower tea only involves dried flowers such as chrysanthemum, hibiscus, jasmine, lily and globe amaranth. Scented tea consists of a bundle of tea leaves wrapped around one or more dried flowers.
Pu’er Tea (also spelled as Pu-erh)
The pu’er tea is a variety of oxidized and fermented tea produced in Yunnan province. The leaves undergoes fermentation after being dried and rolled. The pu’er tea is pressed and sold in confections that remember a bun or a small cake.
This variety of tea should be stored at contact with the air so that the fermentation process can continue. As for good wine, the value of pu’er tea goes up with the time.
Even if it’s often classified as a black tea, being so characteristic pu’er deserves a category on its own.
Note that the difference between “oxidation” and “fermentation” is that, while the oxidation is a spontaneous chemical reaction, the fermentation is catalyzed by microorganisms.
The 10 most famous Chinese tea
- The Long Jing (龙井, it means Dragon Well) is a variety of pan-fried green tea from the Xi Hu (West Lake) district of Hangzhou, in Zhejiang Province. As I said, it’s my favorite tea.
- The Bi Luo Chun (碧螺春, Spring Snail) is also a green tea and comes from Tai Hu, in Jiangsu Province.
- The Tie Guan Yin (铁观音, Iron Goddess) is an oolong tea from Anxi, in Fujian Province.
- The Mao Feng (毛峰, Fur Peak) is a green tea from Huang Shan, the Yellow Mountain in Anhui Province.
- The Yin Zhen (银针, Silver Needle) is a yellow tea from Jun Mountain, Dongting Lake, in Hunan Province.
- The Qi Men Hong Cha (祁门红茶, Qimen Red Tea) is a black tea from Qimen County, in Anhui Province.
- The Da Hong Pao (大紅袍, Big Red Robe) is an oolong tea from Wiyi Mountain, at the border between Fujian and Jiangxi Province.
- The Gua Pian (瓜片, Gua Pian) is a green tea from Lu’An, in Anhui Province.
- The Bai Hao Yin Zhen (白毫银针, White Fur Silver Needle) is a white tea from Fu Ding, in Fujian Province.
- The Pu-erh (普洱, Pu’er Tea) is a post-fermented tea from the Simao County, in Yunnan Province.
Do you want to know more? Click here to check out the Chinese teas that we recommend.
Where to buy Chinese tea
Finding quality Chinese tea for a reasonable price isn’t easy. After buying from several e-Commerces, I found that Teavivre is one of the best because it offers a large range of Chinese teas (including organic tea) that come directly from China, at a reasonable price.
Frequently asked questions
Other benefits of drinking green tea is that you can lose weight, get improved brain function, and reduce the risk of getting cancer. Not to forget, Chinese teas can prevent people from getting a number of other diseases, like Alzheimer and heart diseases.
- Black tea: 40 – 60 mg / cup
- White tea (e.g. Jasmine): 10 – 15 mg / cup
- Green tea: 23 – 35 mg / cup
- Oolong tea: 30 – 50 mg / cup
- Pu Erh tea: 30 – 40 mg / cup
By comparison, a cup of brewed coffee has around 150 mg of caffeine.